Module 7: Probability in Genetics
Instructor: Kody Holmes
Common Core Science: 176-190 & 200-206 in Common Core Basics Textbook
Common Core Mathematics: 292-305 in Common Core Basics Math
Understand the importance of Mendel's work and the discovery of inheritance.
How this Module Will Work
Please begin by watching the linked video. Be sure to take notes. I highly encourage you to imagine your own applications for these concepts. These might be worth discussing in class.
After watching the video, please review the vocabulary listed below. After reviewing vocabulary, follow the quiz link below. This will take a bit of time, but all this work is going to allow for productive and challenging classroom experience where we can play with advanced concepts and extend them as far as your creativity allows. Thank you for taking the time. I hope to make it well worth it.
Natural Selection: A gradual process by which heritable traits become more or less common, depending on the traits' reproductive success in a given environment.
Combinatorics: The mathematical study of finite or countable structures and the ways these can be combined, counted, analyzed, optimized, etc.
Artificial Selection: The process by which humans breed other living organisms for particular traits.
Lineage: Descent from an ancestor or pedigree.
Dichotomous Trait: A physical or behavioral trait which can be passed on to offspring. This trait only comes in two distinct varieties.
Heterozygous: An individual is heterozygous when it carries two different alleles for a particular trait. It typically only exhibits traits belonging to the dominant allele.
Homozygous Dominant: An individual is homozygous dominant when it carries two dominant alleles for a particular trait.
Homozygous Recessive: An individual is homozygous recessive when it carries to recessive alleles for a particular trait.
Genotype: The genetic makeup of an organism. An individual's genotype accounts for alleles that may not be expressed, due to their recessive nature, while the phenotype does not.
Phenotype: The physical and behavioral traits of an organism, resulting from its genetic makeup. The phenotype does not give information about hidden alleles like heterozygous genotypes.
Allele: Alternative forms of the same gene.
Product Rule: A rule in probability theory stating that the probability of two (or more) independent, concurrent events is equal to the product of the individual probabilities.
Click here to take quiz.